Drivers of Movement

This proposed factor model containing sixteen push and pull factors, including national and regional macro-level factors (economic, political, environmental), intervening meso-level factors (relief, weather, infrastructure), and individual household micro-level factors (household demographics, capital). Each factor can be operationalized as a set of variables generated from different data sources. For example, a traditional environment variable may be amount of precipitation, while weather buzz is an example of an environment big data variable.

The interactive visualization above shows the buzz volume from Twitter data for the major drivers for movement in Iraq from 2015-2018. The largest buzz is around insecurity, politics, and infrastructure.


Martin, S., Singh, L., Taylor, A., & Wahedi L. (2021). Dynamic Model of Displacement. PsyArXiv. [Download]

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